Language Knowledge: More Than Just Spouting Off Words

  • Grammatical
    • vocabulary
    • morphology and syntax
    • phonology
  • Textual
    • cohesion
    • rhetorical or conversational organization
  • Functional
    • ideational
    • manipulative
    • heuristic
    • imaginative
  • Sociolinguistic
    • dialects/varieties
    • registers
    • idiomatic expression
    • cultural references
  • Strategic
    • assessment
      • Evaluate the situation/task and engage in appropriate discourse domain.
      • Evaluate the correctness/appropriateness of response.
    • goal setting
      • How and whether to respond
    • planning
      • Deciding what elements of language and background knowledge are needed to achieve the goal.
    • control of execution

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